Figure 1 Unstructured Mesh

Triangular meshs can also be structured triangular with triangulation in some particular direction as shown in figure 2 and figure 3.

The Unstructured mesh shown in Figure 1 is basically made by randomly perturbing the nodes of a unifrom triangular mesh and it look very much like a delaunay mesh. Figure 4 shows a unstructured triangular delaunay mesh.

Now comming to How to generate shuch kind of meshes. I will here give a simple example of generating regular structured triangular mesh.

The code below is used to create the above triangular structured mesh

x=[0:1/(numx):1];

y=[0:1/(numy):1]; %Matlab's meshgrid is used to create 2D grid from specified divisons above

[X,Y] = meshgrid(x,y);

X1=reshape(X',length(x)*length(y),1);

Y1=reshape(Y',length(x)*length(y),1); %Coordinates of the node

node=[X1 Y1]; % Node

tri = triangulate(X1,Y1,element); % element connectivity

nele = size(tri,1);

Z= zeros(length(y)-2,length(x)-2);

nn = tri; % nodes in a long list

xx = X1(nn); yy = Y1(nn); % coordinates corresponding to nodes

xplot = reshape(xx,size(tri));

yplot = reshape(yy,size(tri));figure(1);

clf;

fill(xplot',yplot','w');

title(['Triangular Mesh ', num2str(length(nn)),' elements'])

%%%%%%Subfunction % triangulate

function tri = triangulate(xnod,ynod,nodes)

%

% tri = triangulate(xnod,ynod,nodes)

%

% triangulate the quadrilateral mesh

%

nele = size(nodes,1);

tri = zeros(3,2*nele)';

iv = [];

ii1 = [2 3 1];

jj1 = [4 1 3];

ii2 = [1 2 4];

jj2 = [2 3 4];

nrtri = 0;

for iel = 1:nele

iv = nodes(iel,:);

d1 = norm([xnod(iv(1))-xnod(iv(3));ynod(iv(1))-ynod(iv(3))]);

d2 = norm([xnod(iv(2))-xnod(iv(4));ynod(iv(2))-ynod(iv(4))]);

if d1 <= d2

nrtri = nrtri+1;

tri(nrtri,:) = iv(ii1);

nrtri = nrtri+1;

tri(nrtri,:) = iv(jj1);

else

nrtri = nrtri+1;

tri(nrtri,:) = iv(ii2);

nrtri = nrtri+1;

tri(nrtri,:) = iv(jj2);

end

end

This code will enable any one to generate a regular triangular mesh and different changes can be made to this code to get other kind of Triangular meshes as shown in figure 1 -4